Ollantaytambo is one of the busiest tourist attractions in Cusco, an ancient Inca city full of history and mysteries for the incredible Inca architecture that it possesses and that is often related to “the aliens”
This famous archeological site also known as “the fortress of the gods”, is an Inca citadel with a fantastic architecture of stones, assembled and polished to perfection, as well as a great urban, agricultural and administrative planning.
Where is Ollantaytambo?
It is located in the sacred valley of the Incas, on the right bank of the Vilcanota River, province of Urubamba. It is 2,790 meters high above sea level, 80 Kms from the city of Cuzco, and 44km from Machu Picchu by rail.
Ollantaytambo is the end of the sacred valley and is the place where trains leave for Machu Picchu.
The architecture of Ollantaytambo
Its Architecture is divided into rectangular blocks with a well planned infrastructure. The stones for its construction were extracted directly from the quarries, on the other side of the valley.
The walls, the watchtowers, the granite blocks that weigh more than 50 tons, the polishing and the perfect detail of the lace of the stones, give form and awe to the walls of this Inca citadel so, some archaeologists think of the possibility that the people who built it knew a type of ancient technology or something that allowed them to shape the stones with great precision since to move the stone blocks would require several modern tools and different heavy machinery.
Many historians also mention that those who perform this work were the Collas (the best stone carvers), from the highlands that served the Inca.
The astonishment that Ollantaytambo gives to travelers
How were these tremendous blocks of stone transported to the top of the mountain from the valley and many kilometers away? How did you manage to join one with another stone that you can’t even insert a sheet of paper? How were they placed in their place ?, With what equipment and how were the stones cut ?, Frequently asked by tourists who visit this tourist attraction, well, Ollantaytambo has an incredible Inca architecture, which is a perfect example of the extraordinary organization and ingenuity that the Incas possessed only with physical work, the manipulation of tools made of wood, stone, bronze and gold and even has a hydraulic infrastructure and a water distribution system in every corner of Olantaytambo, which It still works until today.
What was the function of Ollantaytambo fortress?
It functioned as an important ceremonial, religious, agricultural and military center. Due to the location it is in, it served as a checkpoint and defense during the conquest against the Spaniards.
Ollantaytambo much more to see
Its constructions are not the only wonderful thing that you can enjoy this place but also the same population, its cobbled and archaic streets, its agricultural terraces, picturesque houses and others with Inca walls, the art of local people and the same landscape of the Sacred Valley are attractions that you can appreciate.